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The Mandela Rules, also known as the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, are a set of guidelines that provide international standards for the treatment of prisoners. These rules were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015 and are named after the late South African President Nelson Mandela, who spent 27 years in prison during his fight against apartheid.

The Mandela Rules aim to promote the fair and humane treatment of prisoners, as well as the protection of their fundamental rights. Some key provisions of the Mandela Rules include:

  1. Prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.
  2. Preservation of the dignity and respect of prisoners.
  3. Protection of the rights of vulnerable groups, such as women, children, and persons with disabilities.
  4. Promotion of the right to healthcare, including mental health services.

5. Ensuring access to legal representation and fair judicial proceedings.

6. Provision of proper accommodation, hygiene, nutrition, and recreational activities for prisoners.

7. Encouragement of rehabilitation and reintegration programs for prisoners.

The Mandela Rules serve as an important international standard to guide states in the management of prisons and the treatment of prisoners. They provide a framework for ensuring that prisoners are treated with dignity and respect, and that their human rights are protected even during their incarceration.

It is worth noting that the Mandela Rules specifically address the treatment of prisoners and may not directly cover the issue of arbitrary detention. However, they contribute to the overall framework of human rights protection and fair treatment of individuals within the criminal justice system.